Biomass Energy is defined by any organic materials that can be burned and used as a source of fuel. Wood being the main source of biomass such as saw-dust or any type of waste from wood is processed to make wood-pellets and used as fuel for Wood pallet boiler stoves.
Farm waste such as cow manure is processed into biomass to form biogas. It can be used in bottled gas for gas cooking appliances. Crops such as switch-grass, corn and sugarcane are produced to form ethanol which can be used to fuel vehicles and presently are so, to great success.
Waste heat harnessed by waste-to-energy plants can generate electricity for heating buildings. Among energy sources referred to as biofuels is domestic rubbish. About 15% of municipal solid waste is burned.
Biomass can further be broken down into more specific category’s which have different types of uses. Biomass that comes from wood keeps its form and is formed into pellet size uniformity to be used for biomass heating systems and electricity.
One of the major advantages of Biomass Energy as a source of fuels is its renewable. The biomass boilers are the best alternatives to oil or gas boilers which are less in use these days due to the advantages that a biomass boiler gives.
Compared to oil or gas boiler is the cost and availability. The use of wood chips is relatively low and even though its energy density is low, it can be used with an automatic feed on a 24 hour basis system. In large scale use, it is considered the most economical fuel type as wood wastes can be converted into useful wood chips for the operations of the biomass systems as the international fuel prices increases rarely affect the wood fuel prices.
The use of the system is more convenient in places where both heat and power are required like hospitals and wood product manufacturers.
it can be used in any home provided the following are in place. That one has space for the storage of the wastes, one can comply with few building and safety regulations, one has appliances that will support the operations of the system and finally one has planning permission to use the wood waste. Many of these conditions are easy to achieve and hence, if one is willing to have that cost effective, available and renewable energy source, he will be able to submit to the conditions provided.
The system makes use of the industrial or urban forest and agricultural wastes and residues to produce electricity and heat with very limited negative effect on the environment. The carbon that exists in the biomass is a part of the natural carbon cycle and hence it produces very little effect on the environment as it does not in any way add up to the natural existing carbon like the oil and gas boilers do.